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H. H. Maharaja Umaid Singh 1903 – 1947
Umaid Singh (8 July 1903 – 9 June 1947) was Maharaja of Jodhpur from 1918 to his death. The second son of Maharaja Sir Sardar Singh, he succeeded his elder brother Maharaja Sir Sumair Singh upon his death in 1918; in 1922 he served as the ADC to the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII).
On 27th January,1923, in a Durbar in Jodhpur, the Viceroy, Lord Reading, invested Maharaja Umaid Singh with full ruling powers. It was a simple ceremony which consisted of the Viceroy presenting a sword to the twenty-year-old Maharaja but it reflected, none the less, the paramount power's vice like grip on the Rathores. Unlike his predecessors, however, Umaid Singh would not care to loosen this grip. Nor would he pretend it did not exist and retreat to a life of pleasure. He would rather, with admirable maturity and flair, use the British and draw on all they had to offer.
In 1923 he inherited a progressive kingdom with an efficient administration. In 1947 he bequeathed to India a model state with the beginnings of a representative government. Indeed, even Sardar Patel's States Ministry had to grudgingly admit that Jodhpur State was "viable" and could continue to exist as a separate, distinct administrative region in modern India. (Eighteen such "viable" Princely States were identified in all.) Perhaps the most benevolent of Marwar's Rathore rulers Umaid Singh was certainly her greatest builder and is justly remembered as the father of modern Marwar
There is about Maharaja Umaid Singh something uniquely exciting, an extravagance of vision, a power not only to dream but even to realize; in many ways, albeit on a smaller scale, not unlike that of the Mughals. He enjoyed polo so he took his own team to England with an army of ponies and Jodhpur emerged a world polo power. He loved flying so the Jodhpur Aerodrome became an international airport before Delhi with three trans-continental airlines stopping here. His decision to dabble in Bombay's fledgling stock market resulted, within a year, in his cornering the shares of the Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO), India's first heavy industry. And his famine relief policy, which shames many a modern day development project, changed the very face of Marwar, giving rise to one of the largest and most magnificent royal residences in the world and a dam that remains, half a century later, one of Jodhpur's main sources of drinking water.
Yet there was in him an astonishing simplicity, a grace he was born with and carried always, whether playing polo at Hurlingham or big-game hunting in Africa, salmon-fishing in Scotland or fox hunting at his sumptuous estate Arranmore in Ootacamund (south India). "He would wish people with both hands even if they waved with one", remembered the late Anthony Lobo, many, many years ago a larder boy in the Raika Bagh kitchens. Feted in the most fashionable of salons the world over he was, as Chief Scout of the Marwar State Scouts Association, equally at home in a boy scout's tent on the dusty grounds of his palace! It was this simplicity and humility, together with his stature and style that earned for the thirty-sixth Rathore ruler of Marwar the nickname Monarch. And it was always used with affection and respect...
Enjoying a distinguished military career, he died at his estate on Mount Abu on 9 June 1947 after a reign of 29 years, aged but 43.