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Significant Indian Art Significant Indian Art SCULPTURE OF SHIVA
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A GRANITE PANEL OF SHIVA, CHOLA DYNASTY, SOUTH-INDIA, 13TH CENTURY, the god seated in virasana on a pedestal with his left leg gracefully crossed, a flame and a cobra in his upper most hand and his lower right hand in a gesture of elucidation, his face in a benign expression.
THE CHOLA EMPIRE
By the 9th century, under Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas rose as a notable power in Asia. The Chola Empire stretched as far as Bengal. Rajaraja Chola conquered all of peninsular South India and parts of Sri Lanka. Rajendra Chola's navies went even further, occupying coastal Burma (now Myanmar), the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya in South East Asia and Pegu islands. He defeated Mahipala, the King of Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
“The Cholas revelled in building magnificent temples. Brihadeshwara Temple in Thanjavur is a classical example of the magnificent architecture of the Chola Kingdom. Brihadeshwara temple is an UNESCO Heritage Site under "Great Living Chola Temples." Another example is the Chidambaram Temple in the heart of the temple town of Chidambaram. The power of the Cholas declined around the 13th century”.
- George Mitchell, Eternal Kaveri, Marg Publications
Registered Antiquity. Non-Exportable